There is no specific treatment for dry AMD, but studies have shown potential benefits from vitamin supplements, a Mediterranean-type diet and smoking cessation.
Wet macular degeneration may require repeated treatments and more frequent vision tests. It may respond to intraocular injections of anti-VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) medications if detected and treated early. These medications may help arrest the growth of new blood vessels, and are considered the first-line treatment for all stages of wet macular degeneration.
Medications used to treat wet macular degeneration include:
- Bevacizumab (Avastin)
- Ranibizumab (Lucentis)
- Aflibercept (Eylea)
Please note that, as with all medications, there are risks associated with medications for macular degeneration.
Your optometrist can discuss them with you thoroughly.
Because macular degeneration can reduce or eliminate your central vision, It may be beneficial for you to work with a low vision rehabilitation specialist, an occupational therapist, your eye doctor and others trained in low vision rehabilitation. They can help you find ways to adapt to your changing vision.
Your optometrist will determine the severity of your condition and any progression during your eye exams; can recommend one of several options available to reduce the symptoms, suffering and vision loss more advanced cases of AMD may cause; refer you to specialists for further treatment, if necessary; and will provide lifetime monitoring of additional treatments and your vision health.